Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini has said he intends to import the Australian model against illegal migration, the "Pacific Solution", to handle Italy's migrant crisis. In that model, no exceptions are made and no extensions are granted, not even for children or those who are ill.
Australia has a video titled "No Way" that explains the programme. In it, General Campbell, the commander of the country's Operation Sovereign Borders, explains that the policy is that of "intercepting any ship that is trying to illegally enter Australia and safely remove it to beyond our waters".
Tough rules and no exceptions
"The message is simple: if you come to Australia illegally by boat, you will never have a way to become an Australian citizen," General Campbell said in the video. Dressed in a camouflage uniform and with a fixed gaze, he said, "The rules apply to everyone: families, children - there are no exceptions". Australia's hardline stance is carried out in a military operation that doesn't provide for the assistance or rescue of migrants trying to arrive in Australia, the majority of whom come from Senegal, Afghanistan, Iran, and Iraq.
Detention centres on islands in Pacific
In practice, migrants who attempt to enter the country by boat either have their boats escorted back to the ports where they came from, or, more often, the migrants are transferred to detention centres on the islands of Nauru and Manus, in Papua New Guinea.
The centre on Manus Island is officially closed but de facto still operative. Amnesty International said the conditions for migrants on these islands are very harsh. It released a video showing migrants waiting for the results of their asylum applications. In the rare case that a migrant is granted refugee status, he or she is almost never permitted to leave the islands. CNN reported there are currently 119 children being held in detention on Nauru Island.