A rescued migrant girl is lifted on board a Portuguese Navy Ship off the coast of Pozzallo, Sicily. EPA/archive
A rescued migrant girl is lifted on board a Portuguese Navy Ship off the coast of Pozzallo, Sicily. EPA/archive

The European Commission's Joint Research Center organized a workshop in order to identify false myths about migration as well as EU migration and integration policy.

Having tackled the first four myths, the JRC continues its list with issues including border control, the connection between migration and climate change and integration. 

MYTH #5: Strengthening of borders and restrictive visa regimes are necessary to prevent uncontrolled migration. 

Experts argue that studies on global migration trends show that countries with tight restrictions on immigration are not necessarily able to reduce the phenomenon. Moreover, the myth according to which liberalizing border control would expose countries to massive and uncontrolled migration flows is countered by the experience of EU enlargement. 

MYTH #6: There is a direct link between environmental change and migration and it is possible to predict the numbers of people likely to migrate due to changes in the environment.

Experts stress that, since climate change has a high level of uncertainty, it is difficult to predict migration based on this phenomenon. 

MYTH #7: Migration data reflect the scale and the nature of human mobility.

Statistical data on international migrants reflected the number of people living in a different country from their nation of birth, therefore experts believe that the information does not take into account short-term and circular mobility as well as data on the effective trans-border flows of people. 

MYTH #8: There is a direct link between participation in integration courses and immigrants' language acquisition and labor market integration.

After a decade of implementation, the European Union's ''civic integration policies'' have rarely been evaluated and existing evaluations don't necessarily show the benefits of courses and tests for migrants in the labor market. 

MYTH #9: Labor-market integration works out better for high-skilled immigrants than for the low-skilled.

In reality, the seminar highlighted that the difference in unemployment rates between immigrants and natives in OECD countries is higher among highly-skilled migrants, creating the paradox that more skilled migrants -- the most ''desired'' ones -- could suffer more discrimination compared with low-skilled migrants.

 

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