Luxembourg has made progress in the fight against human trafficking, but needs to adopt further measures to improve identification of victims, said experts at the Council of Europe.

The Council of Europe's Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has published its second evaluation report on Luxembourg as regards the implementation of the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. 

The report said progress has been made but the country must adopt further measures to ensure all victims of trafficking are identified as such. 

Progress made 

The report said progress has been made in a number of areas, such as the legal framework for combating human trafficking, training and awareness raising. 

It said GRETA also commends the formal setting up of an Inter-ministerial Committee tasked with coordinating anti-trafficking activities, as well as the designation of the Advisory Committee on Human Rights (CCDH) as independent National Rapporteur on trafficking in human beings. Further, a roadmap was developed which clarifies the roles and responsibilities of state and non-state actors during detection, identification and referral to assistance of victims of trafficking. 

Improvements to be made 

However, the report said there are certain areas which require improvement. GRETA urges the Luxembourg authorities to take additional measures to ensure that all victims of trafficking in human beings are identified as such. This concerns in particular trafficking for the purposes of labor exploitation, forced begging and forced criminality. The authorities should also pay greater attention to detecting trafficking victims among asylum seekers and foreign workers. 

Further, GRETA calls on the authorities to systematically refer all presumed and identified victims of trafficking to specialized assistance services, regardless of whether the victim cooperates with the police. As regards child victims of trafficking, the authorities are urged to establish a clear identification procedure involving child specialists, and to pay special attention to unaccompanied foreign children and children in street situations. 

Moreover, GRETA stresses the importance of ensuring that all presumed foreign victims of trafficking are offered a recovery and reflection period, and that residence permits are issued without undue delays. 

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