A total of 859 migrants have died in the Mediterranean as of August 22, said the International Organization for Migration (IOM). It said 45,505 migrants and refugees have arrived in Europe by sea so far this year, which represents a 30 percent drop on 2018 figures.
The total number of migrants and refugees who have died in the Mediterranean has risen to 859 as of August 22, said the International Organization for Migration (IOM). It said 45,505 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea, which is 30 percent less than at the same time last year, when 64,836 migrants had already arrived in the same period.
Most of the migrants who arrived in Europe disembarked in Greece and Spain. Since the beginning of 2019 a total of 23,193 have arrived in Greece and 14,680 in Spain.
The IOM said Italy has received 4,664 arrivals. The 859 deaths on the three main Mediterranean routes this year represent 55 percent of the total of 1,558 deaths that occurred in the same period in 2018. The majority of the deaths - nearly 600 - occurred on the Central Mediterranean route, which connects North Africa to Italy and Malta.
32,669 deaths across the world since 2014
This is the sixth year that the IOM has been systematically recording the number of deaths on migrant routes around the world through its 'Missing Migrants' project. Since the beginning of 2014, the initiative has registered the deaths of 32,669 people worldwide, of which 1,709 have occurred since the start of this year through August 22.
The IOM said that due to the difficulties in gathering information on these people and the situations surrounding their deaths, the actual number of lives lost in migratory journeys is probably much higher.