A medical charity found that only 44% of foreign farmworkers it treated in the southern Italian area of Foggia had a regular job contract.
Only 44% of farm workers treated by a team of the Italian medical charity 'Medici per i diritti umani' (the name translates to 'doctors for human rights') in the southern province of Foggia said they had a regular job contract, according to a report released by the organization on Monday. The majority of migrants told the charity they did not get a pay slip.
The report is called "The bad season - report on the living and working conditions of farm laborers in the Capitanata." The organization collected data in the province of Foggia through their mobile clinic.
The clinic treats migrant farmworkers who live in makeshift shelters in the area of Foggia. The migrants mainly reside at camps in Rignano Garganico, at the so-called ghetto Pista in Borgo Mezzanone, and in abandoned houses in the countryside around Poggio Imperiale, Palmori and San Marco in Lamis.
Widespread diseases among migrants
The report said gastrointestinal and infectious diseases and osteomuscular disorders were widespread among the migrants it treated. The authors concluded that this was mainly due to poor working and living conditions.
The report also found that only one in two patients was registered with the Italian national health system.
Only 20% of the migrants treated by the charity were proficient in the Italian language, according to the report.
Data in the report
per i diritti umani' (Medu) said it provided medical and legal assistance to 225 people (209 men and 16 women), in collaboration with the associations 'Idorenin' and 'A Buon diritto.'
The medical charity said it carried out 292 medical visits and 153 meetings to provide legal assistance.
93% of the people assisted by Medu were men, with an average age of 31.
The migrants mainly hailed from sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa, eastern and central Europe and south-east Asia. 61% of the people met by the charity's team were regular migrants.