Those foreigners in Germany who are obliged to leave has increased this year. The two main reasons are the stagnating number of deportations and a faster processing time for asylum applications.
The number of people living in Germany who are obliged to leave the country ("ausreisepflichtig") has increased this year: At the end of 2018, some 236,000 people were counted as having been ordered to leave. In the first nine months of 2019 alone, figures are already up 11,000 on those of last year.
According to estimates, however, only around half of the 236,000 are rejected asylum seekers; the rest are students, employees and tourists whose overstayed their visas.
That's according to German daily Die Welt which cites the interior ministry. Nearly 200,000 of those obliged to leave have a temporary suspension of removal ("Duldung"), for example because they are ill or have documents missing.
According to security experts, these missing documents are the reason for most of the failed deportations
A document from Germany's interior ministry shows that the number of deportations this year is all but stagnating. The highest numbers were recorded in the months of April and May with 2,043 and 2,000 deportations, respectively.
In terms of funded voluntary returns, 1,112 were counted in September; in April and May, the numbers were 1,336 and 1,323, respectively.
Higher number 'not a surprise'
Germany's Interior Minister Horst Seehofer on Sunday said that the "slightly higher number" of those foreigners obliged to leave was not a surprise. Many procedures from previous years, when Germany’s Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) rejected those asylum applications, would "be completed only gradually" ("bestandskräftig abgeschlossen"), Seehofer said.
According to the ministry, one reason for the rising numbers of those staying in Germany whilst being asked to leave was the accelerated processing of asylum claims by BAMF. "In many cases," Seehofer said, new procedures meant claims were often being processed more efficiently.
With the 'Orderly Return Law' ("Geordnete-Rückkehr-Gesetz"), Germany’s federal government wants to step-up the number of deportations. Among other measures proposed, the goal is to increase the number of deportation detention ("Abschiebehaft") spots in Germany’s federal states.
427 detention and custody spots were available at the end of 2018. According to the federal government, this number has since slightly grown - to 543 deportation detention spots plus 34 departure custody ("Ausreisegewahrsam") spots, the interior ministry said.
With material from KNA