Two thirds of all asylum seekers in Germany are men | Photo: Picture-alliance/dpa/D.Karmann
Two thirds of all asylum seekers in Germany are men | Photo: Picture-alliance/dpa/D.Karmann

Fewer asylum seekers are coming to Germany, yet the number of people in need of protection worldwide continues to rise. Here are some of the key migration facts and figures for 2019.

The number of asylum applications in Germany has declined for a third consecutive year. In 2019, 111,000 people came to Germany to apply for asylum, according to the Mediendienst Integration, a group of researchers on migration. 

Around 23,400 more asylum seekers already in Germany put in a second application and a further 31,400 applications were submitted on behalf of children of migrants born in Germany in 2019.

The falling number of migrants arriving in Germany contrasts with the increasing number of people seeking protection worldwide. By the end of 2018, nearly 26 million people had been forced to leave their home countries: most were from Syria, Afghanistan and South Sudan.Asylum applications in Germany compared with global displaced | Data source: Medientdienst IntegrationEastern Mediterranean busiest route

Migration routes across the Mediterranean have changed over each of the past three years. In 2019, most migrants arrived in Europe via the eastern Mediterranean route – nearly 60,000 people reached Greece by sea last year. Around 15,000 arrived via land routes. 2018 saw the largest group arriving in Spain via the western Mediterranean route. In 2017, most migrants crossed the central Mediterranean to Italy.

Arrivals by migration route  Data source Mediendienst IntegrationIn November 2019, there were around 110,000 migrants in Greece – around 70,000 on the mainland and nearly 39,000 on the islands.

Slight rise in protection rate

The rate of positive asylum decisions in Germany rose slightly from 35 percent in 2018 to 38 percent in 2019. Fewer spouses and children came to Germany in 2019 than in the previous year. Between January and November 2019, around 10,500 people came to Germany under family reunification laws.

Deportations unchanged

Between January and November 2019 around 23,300 people were deported from Germany – roughly the same number as in the previous year. In the same period, around 12,900 people left Germany under the voluntary repatriation scheme REAG/GARP

Between January and September, according to immigration authorities, a further 7,200 people without legal status in Germany left the country voluntarily.

At the end of 2019 there were nearly 250,000 people living in Germany without legal status. Around half of them were rejected asylum seekers, the other half were foreign students, workers or tourists whose visas had expired.


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