Last year, German authorities ordered over 11,000 foreign nationals to leave the country, that's 32% more than the year before. An expulsion is issued when a foreigner is deemed a threat to public safety.
If a foreigner is deemed a threat to public safety and order, they can be expelled from Germany -- even when they live have lived in the country on an indefinite residence permit. The order is given in form of an expulsion order ("Ausweisung").
In 2019, German authorities issued more expulsions than in 2018. Most such orders were given by authorities in southwest Germany, according to the Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung newspaper (NOZ), which referred to a reply of the federal government to an inquiry of the left-wing fraction.
According to the NOZ, 11,081 expulsion orders were issued last year, up from 7,408 in 2018. That's a 32% increase.
By far the most expulsion orders (3,540) were registered in Baden-Württemberg, Germany's third-most populous state. North Rhine-Westphalia, the German state with the most inhabitants, and Bavaria, the second-largest state by population, saw 1,762 and 1,376 cases, respectively.
The three most common countries of origin of those expelled last year are Ukraine (1,252 cases), Albania (1,220) and Serbia (828).
Germany's left-wing fraction criticized the practice of expulsions. Talking to the NOZ, Left Party parliamentarian Ulla Jelpke demanded to abolish expulsions, which she called an "unfair double punishment".
To some of those affected, Germany has been the center of their lives for decades, Jelpke said. An expulsion would sever their social ties, which was "cruel and wrong."
According to the Informationsverbund Asyl & Migration, an asylum information service, recognized refugees and asylum seekers enjoy special protection from expulsions. In their cases, the requirements for getting expelled are higher.
Once an expulsion order has been issued, the affected person is obliged to leave the country ("ausreisepflichtig"). This May, more than 266,000 persons were obliged to leave Germany, up from close to 250,000 in May 2019. In case a person doesn't comply with their obligation to leave by themselves, it is typically enforced via a deportation.
With material from dpa, AFP