Tunisian migrants arrive in the port of Lampedusa | Photo: ANSA/CONCETTA RIZZO
Tunisian migrants arrive in the port of Lampedusa | Photo: ANSA/CONCETTA RIZZO

A new report released by the Tunisian National Institute of Statistics provides an insight into migration trends from Tunisia's perspective. The report found that nearly one in five of those polled, aged 15 and older, said they would like to emigrate.

The Tunisian National Institute of Statistics (Ins), in cooperation with the National Observatory on Migration (Onm), has recently published a report about emigration from Tunisia. The research for the report was conducted between July 2020 and March 2021.

The report, funded by the European Union as part of the ProGreS Migration program, stressed among other things that nearly one person in five (19.9%) of the non-migrant population polled, aged 15 and older, said they would like to emigrate to live, work or study abroad.

Employment, better working conditions among causes of migration

The main reasons of emigration mentioned by the potential migrants surveyed were employment or better working conditions, as well as the opportunity of building a better life.

Europe (mainly France, Italy and Germany) remained the top destinations mentioned by seven potential migrants in 10, followed by North American and Arab countries, the study found.

However, the majority of potential migrants only expressed a desire to leave with only 14.3% saying that they had adopted specific measures for such a plan.

Gender, education key factors

The willingness to emigrate varied significantly between genders -- 25.6% of men compared to 14.7% of women.

The survey also revealed that the intention to emigrate decreased with age. While youths expressed a strong desire to leave Tunisia, adults were less interested in going abroad -- from 39.5% of 15 to 29-year-olds to 2.2% among people in their 60s.

Meanwhile, the intention to emigrate increased with the level of education -- from 2.7% among the illiterate to 29.5% among those with a higher level of education.

It was also higher among those who had completed a professional training course (32.5%).

As far as marriage status was concerned, singles, those who had separated or divorced were more willing to leave -- respectively 36.6%, 19.,9% and 14.5%.

Interest was significantly lower among those who had lost a spouse (2.2%) and married couples (9.3%).

The study moreover revealed how unemployment represented a key factor: 35.8% of the unemployed polled said they wanted to leave Tunisia against 18.5% of the employed surveyed who said they wanted to leave.

The results of the study also showed that, with reference to the level of education, the percentage of potential migrants who had a specific plan to leave was significant among those with a higher degree (18.8%).

The full report analyzing all possible aspects of migration in Tunisia is available here: http://www.ins.tn/node/1411


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