A picture from the cover of the report. Credit: Norwegian Refugee Council
A picture from the cover of the report. Credit: Norwegian Refugee Council

A recent report by the Norwegian Refugee Council said that 72% of Afghan refugees who returned home were forced to flee again due to violence. The organization is calling on Europe to block repatriations of Afghan citizens.

The study titled "Escaping War in #Afghanistan: Where To Next?" said 72% of those interviewed who returned to Afghanistan after having lived abroad as refugees "have been displaced twice, many have been displaced three times".

 Majority of the displaced without assistance

 "Three quarters of families forced to flee their homes are not receiving any aid assistance. One in two are highly food insecure - often skipping meals and reducing food intake," NRC said. "Trapped in an endemic cycle of poverty, 80% of internally displaced families report taking on high levels of debt. Almost 20% sent at least one child out to work. More than 1 million Afghans have been newly displaced by conflict in the past two years alone - a threefold increase in less than five years. In 2017, on average, 1,200 Afghans were forced to flee every single day". 

"Europe must block repatriations" 

Despite the fact that Afghanistan was reclassified from "post-conflict" to "active conflict" by the United Nations in 2017, "asylum acceptance rates for Afghans in neighbouring and European countries have declined sharply over the past two years," NRC said. "The findings of our report should make European nations and Afghanistan's neighbours freeze deportations and rethink their policies. Now is not the time to deport Afghans," said NRC Secretary General Jan Egeland."War-torn Afghanistan today is no place to be returned to. Decision-makers are likely to regret the massive involuntary returns at a time when condition worsen all over Afghanistan. It can destabilise the whole region and lead to immeasurable suffering among families deported". 

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