UNHCR office in Afghanistan
UNHCR office in Afghanistan

In 2016 the UN refugee agency began developing a new framework for responding to large movements of refugees. The Global Compact on Refugees will be delivered to the UN general assembly later this year.

The Global Compact on refugees was conceived in September 2016, when the UN General Assembly adopted the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants, which is "a set of commitments to enhance the protection of refugees and migrants." The New York Declaration called upon the UNHCR to create a "global compact on refugees" which will be presented in the 2018 annual report to the UN General Assembly.

The Compact aims to strengthen cooperation between UN member states in responding to large movements of refugees.  It consists of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework, which are the key elements for a thorough response to any large movement of refugees. The Global Compact will also provide a blueprint to "ensure refugees have better access to health, education and livelihood opportunities."

When one nation is confronted with a large movement of refugees, the global compact aims to alleviate that burden so that a country does not become overwhelmed. There should be systems in place so governments can share responsibility in a crisis , which is based on the rationale that the members of the international community work better together, than alone.

Read more here: http://www.unhcr.org/towards-a-global-compact-on-refugees.html

Amnesty International statement

Human Rights Organization Amnesty International, in a recent statement released on April 13, called "Amnesty International urges governments to make the global compact on refugees fit for the future," made several suggestions for governments to keep in mind when discussing the compact. There have been three rounds of discussions between governments this year on the global compact for refugees. Amnesty also pointed out the current refugee crisis in Myanmar and the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the need for the compact to be put into action.    

Amnesty has suggested that wealthier countries should take accept more refugees, pointing out that "84 percent of refugees are hosted by middle and low-income countries." They also said that more should be done to resettle refugees between UN member states and that, for example, governments should offer more scholarships to bring refugees to their countries.

Amnesty has praised the scope of the Compact, noting that it includes governments as well as the private sector. It has especially called on businesses to help tackle the problems that refugees face and to identify areas where refugees may be abused by private enterprises.   

Read the statement here: https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/ior40/8227/2018/en/


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